Health officials are warning about an increase in Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) across the US. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released an STD Surveillance Report on Tuesday. CDC’s epidemiologist Elizabeth Torrone has functioned on the new report. As per the latest news, since five years back to back, cases of syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea, have risen in the US. Notably, there is a significant rise in syphilis in new-born babies. According to the CDC, in the past year, around 2.5 million cases of the STDs have been diagnosed nationwide. Whereas, officials are aiming at the use of medication, decreased use of condoms as well as lack of access to health services. They note the aspects mentioned above are liable for the high-spread STDs.
Every year, the CDC keeps a record of diseases spread by sex, including HIV and viral hepatitis. But the agency has not detailed about those diseases in the current report. It has focused on the other three most common STDs in the US, syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Notably, there is a rise across the three STDs between 2017 and 2018. More than 115,000 cases of syphilis cases have emerged along with more than 580,000 gonorrhea cases. Even more, there is a massive rise in chlamydia cases; around 1.7 million cases have been diagnosed between the period. Above all, there is a 40% rise in the cases of congenital syphilis between 2017-18. It is a health condition when STD spreads from mother to baby in the womb. As a result of which, around 94 newborns have died, raising the death rate to 22%.
Jonathan Mermin, MD, MPH, is the Director of CDC’s NCHHSTP, i.e., the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. As per the executive, STDs come at a high cost for babies and other groups at risk. Jonathan added stopping STDs will enhance the overall state of health nationwide and avoid infertility, HIV, including infant death. Meanwhile, antibiotics can assist in treating the trio STDs. But, if ignored, it can lead to transmission or issues like infertility. Even more, a delay in treatment could pose an increased risk of HIV. In the end, Torrone says STDs cause a severe burden to the health care system. Firstly, it affects in terms of direct medical costs for curing STDs. Secondly, it influences the individual cost for STD patients.