NASA is supporting four scientific teams to make their dream to explore the solar system a reality. The American space agency has announced an amount of $3 million for every team. The effort highlights four projected Discovery-call interstellar missions. Remarkably, two of the research teams have their eyes set on Venus. Even more, one group has fixed lo, the extremely volcanic moon of Jupiter, as an objective. In the end, the last team is aiming Triton, Neptune’s moon. Thomas Zurbuchen, the associate administrator of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, said those missions could transform their perception of some of the most complex and active worlds of the solar system. He added, studying any of these extra-terrestrial bodies will assist in unveiling the mysteries behind their arrival in the cosmos.
Now, the four teams are qualifiers for the succeeding round of Discovery-class expeditions of NASA. These missions are considered as small interstellar science missions of the American space agency. The Discovery-class projects can price maximally $450 million and are aimed to integrate higher Solar System exploration objectives of NASA. It also includes the top Solar System Exploration missions and the mid-sized New Frontiers missions. Among the selected four teams, no one will actually receive a full fund. Notably, they will use the $3 million amount to create a mission strategy and concepts associated with their mission over a period of nine months. In the end, each team will offer an analysis report to NASA and hold-up to see which of them actually achieves the feat.
The projects which have a gained green signal from the American space agency are VERITAS, DAVINCI+, Trident, and IVO. Here, VERITAS is an abbreviation for Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy. While aiming at the surface of Venus, the missions will gather information regarding the different evolution of the planet. On the other hand, DAVINCI+ refers to the Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging Plus. Even more, the aim of this mission is in its name itself; it is looking forward to explore Venus. IVO or the Io Volcano Observer has an objective to visit lo, which is a celestial body having higher volcanic activities. Lastly, Trident is a flyby mission to one of the moons of Neptune, Triton.