The Sun has always remained far from human explorations because of its excessive heat. Many times researchers have had attempted to study star but have not achieved the feat. As a result, the Sun’s north and south poles have remained untouched. Now, ESA, the European Space Agency, and NASA, the American Space Agency, are working together on a solar probe. On Sunday night, they have launched a Solar Orbiter mission from Florida. Through the effort, the agencies aim to have a more in-depth understanding of the Sun. Notably, the probe would unveil the way the Sun regulates the space weather that affects technology getting back to Earth.
So far, almost all space vehicles we have directed towards the central star have locked up across Sun’s mid-section. Notably, the US-European Solar Orbiter Mission could survive up to nine years or beyond that. The latest probe will take a different path to revolve around the Sun, by following a high-angular route. As mentioned above, the probe aims to assess the poles of the Sun. Even more, it will assist researchers to better understand the behavior of the parent star of our solar system. Apart from this, the high-angular route will enable the orbiter to get a sight of the regions that previous observations have failed to obtain so long.
Researchers say just like Earth; the Sun has a set of poles at the top and bottom region. But analyzing the areas has remained a challenging task as Earth revolves in the orbits present near the equator of the Sun. After entering the asymmetrical, the Solar Orbiter will lie within the range of 26 million miles of the Sun. Even more, it will click pictures and collect data from an accurately precise observation post. All being well, this latest information can assist researchers in knowing some of the secrets of the Sun that have stayed unexplained for years.
Primarily, scientists aim to determine the source of power behind Sun’s weird 11-year cycle. During the period, the star changes between periods of intensive activity and periods of silence. Daniel Müller, ESA’s project scientist for the solar mission, said they accept the repetitive behavior which they have notices from the past four centuries. He added, but they do not why it is the 11-year period or what drives the cycle.