There is a class of bacteria regarded as Clostridia, which are abundant in nature. Under the microscope, it gives out a deep violet color. Normally they look like very slim kind of rocks, having a bulge at an end, similar to that of a tadpole. They breed on soil, sediments of marine and human beings. They live on the skin of human beings and also in our intestines. There are times when they can even kill people. Improved medical care along with sanitation and vaccination has resulted in making these infections less common but still, one particular variety has been difficult to put brakes on. C. diff or Clostridium difficile can cause diarrhea and an infection of the intestines, which can be life-threatening.
Initially, it was seen as a problem, primarily confined to hospitals and nursing homes. Now, research shows that the rates of C. diff in the community are on the higher side and even the usual risk factors may not go on to tell the complete story. C. diff or Clostridium difficile was discovered way back in the year 1935. The scientists in Denver had found it in the intestinal flora of healthy infants. The bacterium did not cause any harm to the infants but turned out to be quite lethal when it got injected into rabbits. Hence, it provided an early clue to the kind of danger it can pose.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention made an estimation that almost 35000 C. diff infections had occurred out of hospitals in the year 2011. They found that 46 percent of those were totally acquired from the community, while 36 percent were not exposed to any kind of antibiotic. A researcher with CDC, Dr. Alice Guh said that diet can well be an element, as it tends to have a strong influence on the microbiome. The increasing rates of C. diff infection in the community are turning out to be quite a major health issue. They can even become a sign of being an even bigger problem. Scientists have already discovered a number of links between changes that occur in microbiome with a range of other types of human diseases.