Earth is a habitat for millions of billions of creatures, and snakes are one of them. There exists a wide range of snakes across the planet; some are venomous, and some are not. Those crawling creatures pose a risk to people working outdoor, including gardeners, farmers, etc. Before this, researchers did not have had more information about the greatly venomous Indian cobra. In an act to lessen disability and mortality due to snake bites, researchers from India and abroad have arranged the genome of the cobra. Research, published on Monday in the journal Nature Genetics, reveals the mapping of Indian cobra. Well, it is one of the four most poisonous snakes found in India. Even more, it is the first snake, among the four, to get genetically mapped.
The fleet of big four includes Russell’s viper, the common krait, saw-scaled viper, and cobra. All four account for around 46,000 deaths nationwide per year. Apart from this, over 5 million snakebites take place every year; from this, India accounts for more than 2.5 million cases. According to the CDC, venomous snakes bite between 7000 to 8000 people across the US every year. Thus, the efforts of the international team of researchers mark crucial importance when it comes to snakebites and treatment. The research reveals the mapping of all 38 chromosomes of the Indian cobra. Even more, it is the most comprehensive snake genome ever crafted.
Sekar Seshagiri, the president of SGRF (SciGenome Research Foundation), Chennai, has led the study. During the trial, researchers have discovered that the genome of Indian cobra has 19 venom glands. Seshagiri noted aiming at these poisons using synthetic human antibodies could result safely and beneficially to treat bites of Indian cobra. He added a combination of a good anti-venom against the species and genome structures from the other three, which could result in the development of antibodies. As a result, they will get an anti-venom for the three species. Seshagiri and the team have used an approach that identifies the 3D structure of DNA. Above all, the study paves the way for revolutionizing anti-venom production.